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Male urogenital tract infection is one of the most important causes of male infertility, worldwide since genital tract infection and inflammation have been associated with 8-35% of male infertility cases1. Bacteriospermia is defined as the presence of bacteria in seminal fluid samples2. Bacteriospermia may play a major role in infertility3,4. Male accessory sex glands infection is a major risk factor in infertility5. The significance of pathophysiology of bacteriospermia has been seriously discussed in recent years. Some possible pathomechanisms of the development of infertility linked with infection are considered: direct effect on sperm function (motility, morphology), deterioration of spermatogenesis, autoimmune processes induced by inflammation and dysfunction of accessory sex glands4. Hence, microbiological investigation of male partners in infertile couple can be useful to detect the male urogenital tract infection, especially asymptomatic infections. The isolation of microorganisms from seminal fluid especially of infertile men had been widely reported6,7. It is always recommended that microbiological study of semen can be performed in asymptomatic infertile men with leukocytospermia.
Aerobic and anaerobic culture of semen can detect a wide range of urogenital pathogens8. The most widely studied genital microorganism in relation to male infertility is Escherichia coli, which is also the principal microorganism that causes prostatitis and epididymitis. Infections in the reproductive tract of infertile men have been acknowledged for decades. Until recently, the condition of leukocytospermia was used as an indicator of genital tract infection9. However, a relatively large number of men who attend fertility clinics exhibit leukocytospermia without symptoms of genital infections, indicating that there is not a necessary relationship between infections in the genital tract and the amount of leukocytes or antisperm antibodies in semen10. This study was suggested and designated to Investigate the relationship between bacteriospermia and leukocytospermia in infertile male with Asthenospermia and Studying some of the virulence factors andantimicrobial susceptibility patterns of the isolated bacteria.


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  • Study of Some Bacterial Isolates Associated with Leukocytospermia in Asthenospermic Patients in Hilla City, Iraq

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